Minerals are natural chemical compounds that make up the earth's crust and have a uniform physical structure and chemical composition. In the narrow sense, a mineral is a natural chemical compound with a crystalline structure, formed as a result of geological processes. This definition is the most comprehensive and covers primarily typical natural objects that are constituent parts of rocks and ores. Minerals can form on Earth and other cosmic bodies.
More than 2,000 exhibits from all over the world are presented in the Museum. A wide variety of minerals can be seen, including precious stones such as diamonds, sapphires and rubies, as well as jewelry and other products made from minerals. Each exhibit contains important information about its origin and unique chemical and physical properties, making it interesting to study and understand the important role of minerals in nature and our lives.