National Museum of History of Ukraine
The National Museum of the History of Ukraine is one of the leading museums in the country in terms of the number and importance of collections. It contains more than 700,000 exhibits of various categories — historical finds, collections, decorative and applied art, weapons, manuscripts, old prints, paintings and graphics, as well as relics of the Ukrainian national liberation movement of the 20th century. Each exhibit is a witness of the history of Ukraine from ancient times to the present.
The museum was founded in 1899 as the Museum of Antiquities and Arts. Since that time, the museum has received a significant amount of donations and sponsorship from the Tereshchenko and Khanenko patron families. This support made it possible to organize archaeological expeditions and form collections of historical and ethnographic finds. During the Ukrainian national liberation struggles and the revival of Ukrainian statehood, the museum played an important role in education and ideology.
The building where the museum is located is an architectural monument. It was built in 1937-1939 according to the project of the famous architect Yosyp Karakis. During the Second World War, the museum's collection suffered significant losses, but after the war the collections were replenished thanks to other museums and private collectors.