Black Sea Biosphere Reserve
The Black Sea Biosphere Reserve is one of the largest reserves in Ukraine. Its territory stretches along the northern coast of the Black Sea, on the islands of Tendrivska and Yagorlytska bays. The reserve was created on July 14, 1927 under the authority of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. The area is about 100,000 hectares, and the goal is to protect wintering nesting and migratory birds, as well as unique sand arenas and desert steppes.
The territory of the reserve consists of several areas with different landscapes of southern Ukraine. Tendrivska bay and Tendrivska spit are parts of the reserve that have the status of wetlands of international importance.
The climate of the reserve is warm, but continental and dry. It is characterized by relatively low air humidity, low cloudiness, a small amount of precipitation and a large daily and annual amplitude of air temperature fluctuations.